10 WATER BORNE DISEASES

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Cholera:

Cholera is a waterborne disease and is diarrhoeal in nature. A person can get affected by Cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the cholera bacterium. It can happen to both children and adults and some of the symptoms of cholera include vomiting, abdominal cramps, watery bowels, and fever.

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Diarrhoea:

Diarrhoea is one of the most common waterborne diseases that mostly affect children under the age of 5. Some of the symptoms of diarrhea include dehydration, severe dizziness, loss of consciousness, pale skin and bloody stool, little or no urination.

Typhoid:

It is another disease that gets transmitted by drinking contaminated water that carries ‘Salmonellae Typhi bacteria’. Some of the symptoms through which you can understand that you are being affected by Typhoid are prolonged fever, loss of appetite, headache, constipation, exhaustion, sleepiness, and nausea. It can also be transmitted by close contact with the infected person.

Amebiasis:

Amebiasis is a kind of parasitic infection in the intestine that is caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, or E. histolytica. The single-celled protozoan usually enters the human body when the person swallows cysts through food or water. Some of the symptoms of amebiasis are the loose stool, stomach pain, and abdominal cramping.

Legionellosis:

Also known as legionnaire’s disease, this particular type of illness is caused by the Legionellabacteria. Unlike previously-mentioned waterborne diseases which target the digestive system, this one chooses another venue to attack – the respiratory system.

Japanese Encephalitis:

Japanese encephalitis is a water related disease that is caused by the Culex Tritaeniorhynchus and Culex Vishnui type of mosquitoes. Therefore, Japanese encephalitis is majorly found in the agricultural regions of India. The Japanese encephalitis virus attacks children the most and in some cases this water related disease can lead to death. The symptoms of Japanese encephalitis include fever, vomiting, headaches and in acute cases, coma, seizures and finally death.

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Filariasis

Filariasis is a parasitic disease and affects people who live near unsanitary water bodies or sewages. Filariasis is spread by mosquitoes that breeds in fresh and stagnant water bodies and is the host of the filarial nematode worm. This worm affects humans and leads to elephantitis. Although Filariasis can be treated and prevented with oral medicines, lack of medicines in rural India leads to severe disfiguration in many cases.

Dysentery:

What is dysentery, you may ask? It is probably one of the most common waterborne diseases around, having killed around 600,000 children who have not yet reached the age of five coming mostly from developing countries. The bacterial disease is caused by the microorganism called Shigella, and just like the cholera bacterium, this little dude attacks cells in the large intestine, resulting to abdominal cramps, anal pain, and bloody stool.

Botulism:

The bacterium, Clostridium botulinum, is the culprit behind botulism. Infection begins with fatigue, problems with eyesight, and slurred speech, something that water diseases are quite known for. Eventually, it progresses to weakness of the facial muscles, and this weakness spreads to the arms and legs. If not treated with antibiotics and/or an antitoxin, the poison of C. botulinum could lead to death as this little beast could even affect breathing and the production of saliva.

Vibrio Illness.

Strains of the Vibrio bacteria are usually found in saltwater, and can be carried by several marine animals like crabs, prawns, and shellfish. If you ingest it, this waterborne illness can manifest cholera-like symptoms. If it enters the body through an open wound, a nagging infection and skin ulcers may occur.

Toxin from the Vibrio bacteria can be lethal, and a visit to the doctor for the necessary antibiotics is highly recommended.

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Water scarcity in India

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Reason behind the water scarcity in India

The water scarcity is mostly man made due to excess population growth and mismanagement of water resources. Some of the major reasons for water scarcity are:

  • Inefficient use of water for agriculture. India is among the top growers of agricultural produce in the world and therefore the consumption of water for irrigation is amongst the highest. Traditional techniques of irrigation causes maximum water loss due to evaporation, drainage, percolation, water conveyance, and excess use of groundwater. As more areas come under traditional irrigation techniques, the stress for water available for other purposes will continue. The solution lies in extensive use of micro-irrigation techniques such as drip and sprinkler irrigation.

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  • Reduction in traditional water recharging areas. Rapid construction is ignoring traditional water bodies that have also acted as ground water recharging mechanism. We need to urgently revive traditional aquifers while implementing new ones.

 

  • Sewage and wastewater drainage into traditional water bodies. Government intervention at the source is urgently required if this problem is to be tackled.

 

  • Lack of on-time de-silting operations in large water bodies that can enhance water storage capacity during monsoon. It is surprising that the governments at state levels has not taken this up on priority as an annual practice. This act alone can significantly add to the water storage levels.

 

  • Lack of efficient water management and distribution of water between urban consumers, the agriculture sector and industry. The government needs to enhance its investment in technology and include all stakeholders at the planning level to ensure optimization of existing resources.

 

  • Fresh water deficit:

    Along with the strain on surface water, the country is also facing great stress with freshwater. Lack of strict state regulation on ground water development has caused a strain on the amount of freshwater available. Indifference from bureaucratic powers and constant neglect has caused the problem to intensify. In hand with the lack of government interference and continued industrial waste deposited into major rivers, most freshwater entering the bodies of water is defiled. The approximation of the untreated water entering the water sources such as rivers and lakes is 90 percent and only furthers the problem.

    Solutions to overcome water scarcity problems:

    • We are drawing more ground water than the amount of recharge through rains. Farm ponds and rainwater recharge is the only way to move forward. We are disrespecting the rain water by allowing the water flow into the sea. That is why we see frequent floods. Unless we decentralize and incorporate local storage of water by creating more ponds check dams we will keep seeing more droughts every year. After all source of water for the ground water is rain water.

     

    • A simple addition of a ‘water free’ male urinal in our homes can save well over 25,000 liters of water, per home per year. The traditional flush dispenses around six liters of water per flush. If all male members including boys of the house use the ‘water free urinal’ instead of pulling the traditional flush, the collective impact on the demand for water will reduce significantly. This must be made mandatory by law and followed up by education and awareness both at home and school.

     

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  • The amount of water that is wasted during dish washing at home is significant. We need to change our dish washing methods and minimize the habit of keeping the water running. A small step here can make a significant saving in water consumption.

 

Waste water treatment and recycling for non-drinking purposes. Several low cost technologies are available that can be implemented in group housing areas.

Very often, we see water leaking in our homes, in public areas and colonies. A small steady water leak can cause a loss of 226,800 liters of water per year! Unless we are aware and conscious of water wastage we will not be able to avail the basic quantity of water that we need to carry on with our normal lives.

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10 Benefits of 7 Day Water Fasting[2018]

Sigma aquaguard is the best aquaguard service center in chennai. Water fast is when a person does not eat and drinks nothing other than water.

There is no set time that water fasting should last for, but medical advice generally suggests anywhere from 24 hours to 3 days as the maximum time to go without food.

Benefits of water fast

Throughout history, people have undertaken fasts for spiritual or religious reasons. But, water fasting is now popular in the natural health and wellness movements, often alongside meditation.

The Zero Calorie Diet:

The fast is intense and grueling due to the emotional challenges involved. Still, it manages to correct minor disruptions in the body as it helps purify the system. When a person takes only water, he or she is consuming ‘zero’ calories. In a body loaded with numerous toxins, both internal and external, the tissues struggle to eliminate the wastes. Our food habits further add excessive calories, thereby slowing down metabolism. Taking virtually no calories for 2 to 7 days was found to revive our tissues and system functions.

Who do fast?

Water fasts are advised for those who can handle several days of intense calorie deprivation. Individuals who have taken a 2-day fast earlier would find it easier to take a 4-day or 7-day fast. Hence, beginners can start with a 2-day water fast. Patients with medical issues require medical consultation before embarking on this plan.

Obese people trying to lose weight can take the fast and observe immediate results. Although, it is necessary to note that the lost pounds might return once the calories come back into your diet. Underweight people might find the fast too grueling, and can experience more fatigue compared to others. Some might face complications during the fast, and they need to stop it immediately.

benefits of water diet

What Kind of Water on the Fast?

Since water is the only thing we consumed during the fast, it was important to make sure we had high quality water. We have a whole house filter and a 14-stage under the sink filter, so we were fine with drinking our tap water. Some people prefer to use distilled water while fasting.

Electrolyte depletion is one of the bigger risks of fasting so we added some high quality Himalayan salt to a couple of glasses of our water each day. This is supposed to help with the headaches and tiredness.

The amount of water is also important during a fast. Drinking too much water can cause problems, as can not drinking enough. Sources vary on the exact amount but it ranges between 2-4 quarts a day. I just drank when thirsty and added a pinch of salt to a couple glasses a day.

Benefits of 7 Day Water Fasting:

  1. Having no calories burns approximately 1 pound of fat per day, making it the fastest weight loss method.
  2. Increases insulin sensitivity as there is less fluctuation in blood sugar levels.
  3. Improves body repair, recovery and healing from decreased inflammation.
  4. Lowers stress levels, decreases blood pressure and rejuvenates the body.
  5. Increases immunity due to better cell resistance.
  6. Enables reduction in cancer cell proliferation.
  7. Slows down aging and cognitive decline.
  8. Lowers the risk of heart disease.
  9. Solves digestive problems such as gastritis, irritable bowels, constipation, diarrhea, gas, dyspepsia, and loss of appetite.
  10. Water fasting is also an opportunity for emotional and spiritual introspection. People find they have better control over their thoughts and diet, after they are done with this fast.

Water Fasting Side Effects:

  • Without calories or other nutrients from food, you’ll likely feel tired and lethargic on the water fast.
  • You may also feel dizzy and lightheaded and experience headaches, low blood pressure and abnormal heart rhythms, according to the American Cancer Society.
  • The organization also notes that these effects can make driving or operating heavy machinery more dangerous than usual and that fasting can even increase the risk of an attack in people who suffer from gout.
  • In addition, the water fast might make gallstone symptoms worse.
  • If your water fast lasts for days or longer, the risks grow dramatically. You may compromise your immune system and organ function, possibly damaging the kidneys and liver.
  • If you are continuing your metabolism will also slow as your body tries to conserve energy, so you’ll start burning fewer calories than you did in your solid-food days. Once you start eating normally again, the pounds will pile back on quickly and you may even wind up weighing more than you did when you started your fast.

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[Updated]Is Packaged Drinking Water Good For Health?

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Although vessels to bottle and transport water were part of the earliest human civilizations, bottling water began in the United Kingdom with the first water bottling at the Holy Well in 1621. The popularity of bottled mineral waters quickly led to a market for imitation products.

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It becomes expensive as the water undergoes many processes before it is bottled. On the other hand, packaged drinking water is from any source and has to be treated and disinfected, a process that could involve filtration, UV or ozone treatment, reverse osmosis before it is fit for human consumption.

Types of bottled water:

There are some common types of bottled water are,

Artesian water this is water that originates from a confined aquifer that has been tapped and in which the water level stands at some height above the top of the aquifer.

Purified water  this type of water has been produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis, or other suitable processes. Purified water may also be referred to as “demineralized water”.

Well water  is taken from a hole tapping, etc. This hole may be bored, drilled, or otherwise constructed in the ground.

Fluoridated  this type of water contains added fluoride.

Sparkling water contains the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had at emergence from the source. The carbon dioxide may be removed and replenished after treatment.

Groundwater  this type of water is from an underground source that is under a pressure equal to or greater than atmospheric pressure.

Bottled water service:

It is not uncommon for business or individuals to subscribe to a bottled water service. These services deliver water either monthly or weekly, sometimes even daily. Traditionally, water in glass bottles (jugs) was provided to electric coolers in areas of businesses without plumbing. Plastic containers have replaced those glass jugs however dispensers at businesses now may stand alongside existing water taps or fountains.

Bottled water debates:

Bottled water is bought for many different reasons including taste, convenience, poor tap water quality and safety concerns, health concerns and as a substitute for sugary drinks. The environmental impact, container safety, water origin, emergency supplies and role of the bottled water industry continue to be areas of concern for many people.

Most bottled water containers are made from recyclable PET plastic, and some of these bottles end up in the waste stream in landfills. The financial and environmental costs of transportation of bottled water has been another concern because of the energy used and the consequent release of carbon dioxide and the potential impact on climate change.

In some cases it can be shown that bottled water is actually tap water. However, it is also argued that the quality specifications for some bottled waters in some jurisdictions are more stringent than the standards for tap-water.

In the USA, bottled water that comes from municipal suppliers must be clearly labeled as such unless it has been sufficiently processed to be labeled as “distilled” or “purified”.

It has been argued that bottled water companies should only exist for emergency situations when public water supplies are unsafe, unavailable or overwhelmed.  The contrary view is that if regulations are placed on the availability of bottled water, bottled water companies will not have the sufficient supplies when a water system is compromised, and that the only reason bottled water is readily available during emergencies is because the industry is maintained by routine purchases.

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Perceptions about bottled water:

Bottled water is perceived by many as being a safer alternative to other sources of water such as tap water. Bottled water usage has increased even in countries where clean tap water is present. This may be attributed to consumers disliking the taste of tap water or its organoleptics.  Another contributing factor to this shift could be the marketing success of bottled water. The success of bottled water marketing can be seen by Perrier’s transformation of a bottle of water into a status symbol.  However, while bottled water has grown in both consumption and sales, the industry’s advertising expenses are considerably less than other beverages. According to the Beverage Marketing Corporation (BMC), in 2013, the bottled water industry spent $60.6 million on advertising. That same year, sports drinks spent $128 million, sodas spent $564 million, and beer spent $1 billion.

Consumers tend to choose bottled water due to health related reasons. In communities that experience problems with their tap water, bottled water consumption is significantly higher. The International Bottled Water Association guidelines state that bottled water companies cannot compare their product to tap water in marketing operations. Consumers are also affected by memories associated with particular brands. For example, Coca-Cola took their Dasani product off the UK market after finding levels of bromate that were higher than legal standards because consumers in the UK associated this flaw with the Dasani product.

Health Concerns:

In some areas, tap water may contain added fluoride, which helps prevent tooth decay and cavities. Some bottled water manufacturers in the United States add fluoride to their product, or provide a fluoridated bottled water product.

The Food and Drug Administration of the United States does not require bottled water manufacturers to list the fluoride content on the label. However, unlike tap water where the amount of fluoride added by municipalities to drinking water is not federally regulated, the FDA has set specific limits for how much fluoride may be found in bottled water.

According to a 1999 NRDC study, in which roughly 22 percent of brands were tested, at least one sample of bottled drinking water contained chemical contaminants at levels above strict state health limits. Some of the contaminants found in the study could pose health risks if consumed over a long period of time. The NRDC report conceded that “most waters contained no detectable bacteria, however, and the level of synthetic organic chemicals and inorganic chemicals of concern for which were tested were either below detection limits or well below all applicable standards.

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In olden days how was drinking water purified?

In olden days how was drinking water purified? Let us see some olden purification method. We are from best aquaguard water purifier service in chennai.

A safe and convenient water supply plays a vital role in public health and well-being of the society. While there are numerous conventional water treatment technologies available, for a huge population in rural areas of developing countries, these systems would be inappropriate or too expensive. Basically, all such techniques aim to remove visible impurities such as leaves, twigs, or large suspended particles from water collected from unprotected local sources.

These traditional water treatment techniques range from simple filtration using a sieve or cloth to clarification and filtration using naturally available stone filters and plant materials. Coarse media filters, gravel filters, coconut fiber filters, etc., are examples of such developments. There are also household techniques available to remove even some specific water pollutants such as fluorides that can greatly enhance the safety of usage of water for drinking purposes in water scarce regions where there is no other appropriate water source.

Traditional Water treatment methods:

All over the world, rural communities have adopted simple and rudimentary treatment techniques that mainly aim at filtering out the visible impurities from the water collected from local sources.

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Some of the traditional treatment methods are,

  • Filtration through winnowing sieve (used widely in Mali).
  • Filtration through cloth (commonly used in villages in India, Mali and the southern part of Niger).
  • Filtration through clay vessels (used in Egypt).
  • Clarification and filtration through plant material (commonly used in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, India).
  • Jempeng stone filter method (used in Bali, Indonesia).

Filtration through Winnowing Sieve:

This type of filtration is used when the water source is polluted by wind-borne impurities such as dry leaves, stalks, and coarse particles. The raw water is passed through a winnowing sieve, and the impurities are filtered. This type of filter is widely used in villages of the Bamaka area, Mali. This method cannot be used when the raw water is highly turbid or muddy, since the sieve cannot filter fine suspended particles in raw water.

Filtration through Cloth:

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Thin white cotton cloth is used as the filter medium. This filter can filter raw water containing such impurities as plant debris, insects, dust particles or coarse mud particles. Filtration of suspended particles present in water can be achieved only to a very small extent. Therefore, this type of filtration is not suitable for highly turbid water. It is most suitable for filtration of well water.

Filtration through Clay Vessels:

                  

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Clay vessels with a suitable pore size are sometimes used to filter highly turbid water. Turbid water is collected in a big clay jar and allowed to settle down. Then the water in the jar will trickle through the porous clay wall of the jar. This method of water treatment is common in Egypt.

 Filtration through Plant Parts:

 Highly turbid water with fine suspended and colloidal particles are first coalesced and settled out using the nuts of a locally available plant, in some of the southern districts of Tamil Nadu, India, which is then filtered using cloth filters. Studies have found that the nuts excrete coagulant chemicals upon soaking which does the trick. Similarly, wiry roots of the rhizomes from the ‘ramachham’ are placed in a clay jar, which has tiny holes in its bottom. Raw water is poured into this jar, and then the water is allowed to filter thorough this layer of roots. The water then trickles through the tiny holes at the bottom of the jar. The filtered water is collected at the bottom of the jar. Usually this filtered water is very clear and has a pleasant smell. This type of water filtration is common in southern districts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India.

Jempeng Stone Filter Method:

This type of water filtration method is developed in Saringan batu Jempeng, Bali, Indonesia. Here, a small artificial pond or a by-pass channel is cut by the side to an irrigation canal, which carries muddy water.  Jempeng stone filter units are placed in the artificial ponds. The filter unit is carved out of a porous material called ‘cadas’. This unit is placed on the top of a stone-supporting gravel bed. Muddy water filters through the porous wall of the filter unit and gets collected inside.. It can treat even highly turbid water. The main feature of this unit is that the only cost involved is the investment cost. Practically there is no operational or maintenance cost such as for cleaning.

Conclusion:

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Is Groundwater pure?

Ground water have good minerals. And also there are some impurities are there. We are the best aquaguard service center in chennai. We offer general service for your water purifier.

When rain falls to the ground, some of it flows along the land surface to streams, rivers or lakes, some moisturizes the ground. Part of this water is used by vegetation; some evaporates and returns to the atmosphere. Part of the water also seeps into the ground, flows through the unsaturated zone and reaches the water table, which is an imaginary surface from where the ground beneath is saturated.

Why is groundwater so important?

Groundwater counts in average for one third of the fresh water consumed by humans, but at some parts of the world, this percentage can reach up to 100%. It is a very important natural resource and has a significant role in the economy and the main source of water for irrigation and the food industry. In general groundwater is a reliable source of water for the agriculture and can be used in a flexible manner:

For the environment groundwater plays a very important role in keeping the water level and flow into rivers, lakes and wetlands. Specially during the drier months when there is little direct recharge from rainfall, it provides the environment with groundwater flow through the bottom of these water bodies and becomes essential for the wild life and plants living in these environment. Groundwater also plays a very relevant role in sustain navigation through inland waters in the drier seasons. By discharging groundwater into the rivers it helps keeping the water levels higher.

 

Ground water serves many purposes

Fresh groundwater was used for many important purposes, with the largest amount going toward irrigating crops, such as the delicious eggplants, squash, and rutabagas that children love to have for dinner. Local city and county water departments withdraw a lot of groundwater for public uses, such as for delivery to homes, businesses, and industries, as well as for community uses such as fire fighting, water services at public buildings, and for keeping local residents happy by keeping community swimming pools full of water. Industries and mining facilities also used a lot of groundwater. In 2010, 19 percent of freshwater usage by industries came from groundwater, and 50 percent of freshwater usage at mines was groundwater. The majority of water used for self-supplied domestic and livestock purposes came from groundwater sources.

Is ground water pure?

This question seems to have attracted a lot of poor-quality answers from people ignorant about what constitutes good drinking water quality.

Ground water contains mainly minerals. So it is good. It is filtered by the great nature in the different layers of soil. So it safer and healthier than fresh water found on surface of the earth in lakes ,ponds ,Rivers ,etc as it is always in contact to the air and so contains many bacteria also as well harmful gases and substance like so2, so3,compounds of nitrogen, co etc. beside the taste of ground water is sweet which enhance your mood , makes you happy and allows your will to drink more water and hence is fills the deficiency of water in the body which prevents many disease like ulcers ,digestive problems ,enhance brain efficiency , etc.

But today due to pollution, the ground water is getting contaminated. Many harmful pollutants get mixed with it today.

Earlier people used to drink ground water throughout their lives as there were no purifying machines available or out of budget. They were stronger than we are especially in physical strength and disease fighting strength or will power.

Many of purifying machines purify water too much making it bitter to taste and unhealthy. It removes the entire mineral from it also the good ones.

Ground water purification

With population of over a billion, India is a major user of groundwater. Currently, the annual extraction of ground water in India is estimated to be about 210bcm (billion cubic meters), the highest in the world. India is also the world’s the biggest user of groundwater for irrigation. There is significant use of groundwater in almost all parts of the country except in Orissa, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and Jammu and Kashmir. Another more worrying dimension that has emerged in the past two decade is a direct link between industrial, agricultural and household activities, and contamination of groundwater.

Contamination of the water table is caused mainly through dissolution of two broad classes of chemicals

  • Inorganic minerals, salts, and metals
  • Synthetic organic compounds

Most inorganic compounds are harmless at the concentrations commonly found in unpolluted groundwater, and some, such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium, are even beneficial to human health. Others, such as arsenic, barium, or mercury, can occur naturally in concentrations that are considered harmful. Human activities are another source of inorganic substances in groundwater. Bacteria, viruses, or parasites can seep into the groundwater from sources such as septic systems, leaky sewer lines, barnyards, or fields spread with manure

Organic compounds are chemicals containing carbon and other elements such as hydrogen, nitrogen, or chlorine. Many occur in nature, and many others are manufactured for a wide range of purposes, including cleaning fluids, wood preservatives, and pesticides. The production of synthetic organic compounds has increased more than 10-fold in the past 40 years, and some of these chemicals have become significant groundwater contaminants.

 

Studies estimate that nearly 59% of all districts in India have problems related to either the quantitative availability or quality of groundwater. Out of the 593 districts in India from which data is available, several have problems due to high fluoride content (203 districts), iron content (206 districts), salinity (137 districts), nitrate content (109 districts) and arsenic content (35 districts) in their ground water sources. Biological contamination causing intestinal disorders are present throughout the country.

There are two distinct separation technologies – ion exchange resins and Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane elements – which can be either used separately or together to bring ground water to safe levels.

Synthetic ion exchange resins are polymers that are capable of exchanging particular ions within the polymer with ions in a solution that is passed through them. They are used either to soften the water or to remove the mineral content altogether, but also for various other applications including separating out some elements. Water purification using this method is environmentally friendly because it deals with substances already occurring in water. The long life of resins and low maintenance of the purification equipment makes this a very attractive method.

Reverse osmosis (RO) is a membrane-technology filtration method that removes many types of large molecules and ions from solutions by applying pressure to the solution when it is on one side of a selective membrane. The result is that the solute is retained on the pressurized side of the membrane and the pure solvent passes to the other side.

The situation with groundwater being the way it is, using water straight from the source is no longer an option. What really is a matter of choice is the type of purification system one would use.

Now we are pushed to use water purifier. Because the water is contaminated with pollution. So we must use the purifier.   Aquaguard tollfree number chennai is 9940492121.

Source:

https://www.un-igrac.org/what-groundwater

Has the quality of water changed over the years?

A few years ago the surface water is clean and unpolluted.Groundwater is, more or less, what it sounds like: water that can be found underground. aquaguard toll free number chennai is 9940492121

This water might not be visible under normal circumstances, but it is vastly important to all of us, whether we realize it or not.

70% of the planet is covered in water, which might sound like an awful lot.

You might even have a hard time believing there’s any sort of water shortage anywhere in the world with numbers like that! However, only 1% of this water is available for human consumption.

Almost all of the water on the surface of the planet is saltwater, which of course isn’t very good for drinking. Of the 1% of fresh water available on Earth, 99% of that water can be found underground.

So, in other words, only 1% of freshwater, which is only 1% of the water on the planet, is found in surface water.

Basically, this means we all rely on groundwater almost all the time for our drinking, cooking, washing, and day to day activities.

Almost all water that goes through water treatment facilities to get cleaned up for use in homes, businesses, and stores around the world comes from groundwater, not surface water.

It stands to reason, then, that groundwater pollution is definitely something we all need to be concerned with.

What is Surface Water?

Surface water is, basically, the opposite of groundwater. Any water you can see on the surface of the planet without digging is surface water.

This can include rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, and the oceans. However, in this article, we’ll mostly be focusing on fresh surface water, since marine water pollution is a separate topic with different issues involved.

Surface water is an important part of the hydrologic cycle, just like groundwater is. Without surface water, there’d be nothing to evaporate into the atmosphere to form clouds.

We’d have no weather and no rain. There would be no way to recharge the groundwater all over the planet, so we’d quickly run out of drinking water. Although we don’t directly use surface water for drinking in most instances, it still plays a vital role in the wellbeing of our planet and in our day to day lives.

Conclusion

Always recycle batteries, printer ink, and other chemicals

Don’t throw electronics in the local landfill

Never throw trash in the water

Turn off your water when you aren’t using it

Only run your washing machine and dishwasher when they’re full

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What Contaminants are Found in Drinking Water?[updated]

we are the best aquaguard service center in Chennai. The 100% safe water in this world is very impratical. So what are the contaminants are found in drinking water? Let us see what are impurities and how to overcome from the that.

Aluminum

The source of the contaminant is rock and soil leaching. This will Highly risk for dialysis patients

Aluminum is regulated in public drinking water with a recommended Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level (SMCL). SMCL’s are used
when the taste, odor, or appearance of water may be adversely affected.

In this case, the EPA and WHO agree that aluminum above 0.1 ppm may impact color but recognize that level may not be appropriate for all water supplies.

US EPA encourages utilities to maintain levels below 0.05 ppm, but recognizes the need to be flexible in this case because of the usefulness of Aluminum salts in the coagulation process.

WHO’s guideline of no more than 0.2 ppm is based on the importance of Aluminum as a coagulant and that all municipal systems should be able to keep treated water below this value.

Studies linking Aluminum in drinking water to human health issues have been inconclusive.

Lead

Likely the most famous bad guy, this heavy metal can leach from lead pipes and plumbing fixtures, especially when the water flowing through them is corrosive.

It can cause neurological and behavioral problems in children and adverse health effects in adults.

“It’s a more common problem in cities with older water systems,” NRDC Health team scientist Kristi Pullen Fedinick says, “but what a lot of people don’t realize is that even relatively new brass fixtures and faucets can still contain significant amounts of lead. Just because your home is less than 20 years old doesn’t necessarily mean you’re lead-free.”

Copper

The source of this contaminant is industrial discharge, Copper salts used for algae control in reservoirs
Copper plumbing materials due to corrosion

Acute copper poisoning: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastrointestinal illness, abdominal and muscle pain.

Severe cases of copper poisoning have led to anemia, liver poisoning, and kidney failure

Pathogens

Bacteria, viruses, and parasites that cause illness can find their way into water supplies that are inadequately treated to kill germs.

Fortunately, these pathogens are much better controlled today than they once were.

After a 1993 waterborne-disease outbreak in Milwaukee sickened more than 400,000 people, Olson says, “NRDC really led the charge in changing the EPA’s rules and safeguards.” But clearly much more remains to be done.

Bacteria

Single-celled organisms lacking well-defined nuclear membranes and other specialized functional cell parts which reproduce by cell division or spores.

Bacteria may be free-living organisms or parasites.

Bacteria (along with fungi) are decomposers that break down the wastes and bodies of dead organisms, making their components available for reuse. Bacterial cells range from about 1 to 10 microns in length and from 0.2 to 1 micron in width.

They exist almost everywhere on earth. Some bacteria are helpful to humans, while others are harmful.

Viruses

Parasitic infectious microbes, composed almost entirely of protein and nucleic acids, which can cause disease(s) in humans.

Viruses can reproduce only within living cells.

They are 0.004 to 0.1 microns in size, which is about 100 times smaller than bacteria.

Conclusion:

So we need to purify the water without any exception. For your good health drink the pure water. You can contact us for water purifier service in chennai.

5 Best Water Purifiers Based on Customer Review[2018]

Nowadays there are lot of water purifiers and RO Sevice Centers in Chennai. Here we listed some of them are top in industry that is based on the customer review.

Aquaguard Geneus Water Purifier

This product is from eureka forbes. This purifier clean the water with the latest purifiying technology.

Features:

  • Very easy to install
  • Easy to use and clean
  • Dissolve most contaminated water particles
  • The RO membrane is easy to clean
  • Consume less electricity
  • Give original taste of water
  • RO mode gives almost 25% water recovery
  • TDS reduction is approx 90% in RO mode
  • Best water purifier service

Pureit mineral water purifier

This is the 6 litre of storage capacity with 6- stages purification. It improves the taste of the water.

Features:

  • 6 stage advanced water purification technology
  • Food safe, non toxic material of construction
  • TDS reduction is approx 90% in RO mode.
  • Thin film composite spiral wound Membrane
  • Removes 1 crore virus in 1 liter of water
  • Filtration capacity is 12 liters/hour
  • Filter life is 4000 liters

Kent Grand water purifier

Kent grand water purifier is fully automatic.It comes with an auto-on and auto-off mechanism, transparent design, and the Food Safe ABS plastic ensure that there is no corrosion.

Features:

  • Fully automatic
  • 8 liters of storage capacity
  • Filteration capacity of 15 liters/hour
  • In-build TDS Controller available in this purifier
  • Auto flushing system available
  • Leak proof design
  • Alarms for UV Fail and Filter Change

Tata Swach Viva Silver water purifier

This is a product from Tata with 6 liters of storage capacity. It is highly recommended for UV purification method.

Features:

  • Front panel opening for easy service and voltage spike guard
  • Zero Contaminant Tank Saves hassle of tank cleaning
  • Stylish design
  • 6 liters of storage capacity
  • Filtration capacity is 30 liters/hour
  • 0.01 Micron UF Membrane
  • Tata Swach Viva Silver uses double protection of UV and UF

Aquasure Nano water purifier

Aquasure nano water purifier use 5 stage purification method. This is suitable for high TDS level.

Features:

  • In-built voltage stabilizer, Manual flush facility
  • 4 liters of storage capacity
  • 5 stage purification technology
  • purification capacity is 12 liters/hour
  • Water Flow rate is 2L/min
  • In-built Voltage Stabilizer is available

Conclusion:

This list is based on customer reviews. We provide all type of water purifier services in chennai.

How to enhance the quality of water:

Day by day the environment is getting more polluted. So, the water is filled with different harmful substances. That is why using a water purifier has become so essential. Nowadays, people get more stressed about the purity of water. By consuming impure water daily you can face many health hazards. Therefore the best way is to consume pure and safe water. For this Sigma Aquaguard water purification system provide the Best Water Purifier in Chennai. We offer you the clean and fresh drinking water that is essential for your good health. In assistance with advanced technologies our water purifiers enhances quality of water by making it free from chemical and contaminant substances. You can use our purified water for cooking also, you will find difference in the taste of the food. The food that is cooked in the fresh water will taste better than that of the tap water. We provide only modern range of water purifiers that are easy to install and hassle-free. We also provide service and maintenance and installation for  aquaguard water purifiers.